Welcome to the Tuesday edition of Internet Insider, where we dissect tech and politics unfolding online. Today:
- Analysis: Biden finally filled the FCC. When can you expect net neutrality to be restored?
- Leaked docs show how Facebook tries to keep costs down when it polices hate speech
- 45 groups call on FTC to end discriminatory and abusive data practices
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Biden finally filled the FCC. When can you expect net neutrality to be restored?
It finally happened. If you’ve been reading this newsletter for a while, you know that we’ve been reporting on the growing frustrations about President Joe Biden’s inaction at the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for months.
Last week, he finally announced his nominees to fill out the agency.
A quick recap if you haven’t been keeping up: Biden inherited a deadlocked 2-2 FCC when he took office, and fairly quickly announced that Jessica Rosenworcel, a Democrat already on the commission, would serve as the acting chair.
Then, for months, Biden dragged his feet on doing anything else at the FCC—which as many noted, pushed back the timeline for a number of high-profile things the agency could do, like restoring net neutrality rules.
After months of waiting, Biden announced that he has nominated Rosenworcel for another term at the FCC and named her the full time chair. He also announced the nomination of Gigi Sohn, a prominent net neutrality and public interest advocate, to be the fifth commissioner at the FCC. (Side note: you can read the Daily Dot’s interview with Sohn from earlier this year if you want to read more about her thoughts about the FCC).
So naturally, the question becomes: Now that the waiting is over, what comes next?
As we reported late last week, restoring net neutrality rules and the FCC’s authority over the broadband industry is expected to be one of, if not *the* top priority for the new Democratic majority at the FCC once Rosenworcel and Sohn go through the confirmation process in the Senate.
That confirmation process could be pretty quick, mostly because the Senate is up against a ticking clock. Rosenworcel’s term technically ended last year, but rules have allowed her to stay at her post until the end of the current session of Congress, which ends in January.
If the Senate doesn’t confirm Rosenworcel and Sohn before then, Republicans could take a majority at the FCC. While that majority wouldn’t give them all that much power at the agency, it would bookmark what has been a slow-moving process from Biden that has recently seen frustration boil over the surface.
Assuming the Senate confirms Rosenworcel and Sohn by the end of December—something Sen. Maria Cantwell, the chair of the committee that would hold the hearings, has indicated will happen—experts told the Daily Dot they expect 2022 to be full of talk about net neutrality and the agency’s authority over broadband.
“The combination of the three Democratic commissioners there makes it very clear that broadband is going to be classified as a common carrier service next year. I think no one should waste time doubting that or horse racing the question because every commissioner that is appointed and sitting have all firmly confirmed that is what they believe is the proper way of regulating access,” Ernesto Falcon, a senior legislative counsel at the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), told the Daily Dot. “Everything else that is relevant to broadband access stems from there.”
So while it’s been a long wait for Biden to finally fill out the FCC, it appears the next year could be busy at the agency. Stay tuned.
—By Andrew Wyrich, deputy tech editor
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Leaked docs show how Facebook tries to keep costs down when it polices hate speech
In an internal report from Aug. 6, 2019 titled “Cost control: a hate speech exploration,” an unknown Facebook employee details a strategy for implementing cost control measures related to hate speech moderation.
“Over the past several years, Facebook has dramatically increased the amount of money we spend on content moderation overall,” the post states. “Within our total budget, hate speech is clearly the most expensive problem: while we don’t review the most content for hate speech, its marketized nature requires us to staff queues with local language speakers all over the world, and all of this adds up to real money.”
Numerous charts featured in the report show how the majority of spending comes from Facebook reacting to hate speech issues as opposed to proactive work on the issue. Reactive costs accounted for 74.9% of the money spent while proactive measures represented just 25.1%.
Facebook found that the majority of its reactive efforts—or roughly 80.56%—were tied up in enforcing its hate speech policies.
The leaked report goes on to note that costs could be reduced by reviewing fewer user reports, reviewing fewer proactively detected pieces of content, and reviewing fewer appeals.
The paper suggests numerous options content moderators could potentially use to bring down costs, which include ignoring hate speech complaints deemed “benign” and “adding friction to the appeals process.”
In a statement to the Daily Dot, however, a Facebook spokesperson denied that the document called for “budget cuts” and claimed that no such cuts were made regarding its content moderation.
—By Mikael Thalen, staff writer
45 groups call on FTC to end discriminatory and abusive data practices
A collection of more than 40 civil rights, public interest, and internet rights groups are urging the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to craft rules that address ‘the entire life cycle” of data and crack down on discriminatory and abusive data practices.
The groups wrote a letter to FTC Chairwoman Lina Khan where they urge the commission to respond to a “range of data harms” and establish “clear rules against discriminatory and abusive data practices.”
In the letter, the groups note that data collection and data sharing has an impact on civil rights, like when companies use personal data to “enable or even perpetuate discriminatory practices” against people of color, the LGBTQ community, low-income people, and other marginalized groups.
In September, a group of eight senators called on the FTC to “set clear safeguards” on the collection and use of personal data, saying that consumer privacy in the U.S. has become a “consumer crisis.”
The senators—including Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Sen. Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), and others—said that there needed to be a national standard for data privacy to “protect consumers, reinforce civil rights, and safeguard our nation’s cybersecurity.”