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LGBT people of color twice as likely to be physically attacked, says new report
Orlando was hardly the first time the LGBT or Latino community has been targeted.
It’s impossible to pinpoint the worst thing about the Orlando shooting and subsequent deaths of 49 mostly Latino LGBT people. Everything about the incident is horrible—but for many in the LGBT community, it’s also triggering past wounds.
Sadly, Orlando is hardly the first time the LGBT community has been targeted by hate violence: It’s a community continually scarred by violence, by murders, by harassment and bullying and repressive legislation that perpetuates inequality.
On Tuesday, in a pre-planned event that turned out to have eerie timing, the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs released the latest edition of its annual Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and HIV-Affected Hate Violence report. The report compiles community-gathered statistics on harassment and anti-LGBT violence from member organizations in 11 states, including Texas, Colorado, Vermont, Minnesota, Missouri, Massachusetts, Michigan, California, New York, Ohio, and Arizona.
Over 1,253 incidents of violence in 2015 against LGBT and HIV-affected people were recorded and analyzed in the report. The data is disturbing: LGBT people of color are twice as likely than white LGBT people to suffer physically violent attacks, while lesbians of all backgrounds are twice as likely to suffer verbal harassment than others.
“An overwhelming majority of the community members we lost to violence this year were LGBTQ people of color, especially transgender and gender-nonconforming people of color,” said Leah Taraskiewicz at Equality Michigan. “We are clearly in a state of emergency. None of us are immune to this crisis of brutality and violence that’s rooted in racism, homophobia, and transphobia.”
LGBT youth were in especially risky circumstances at home: Hate violence survivors ages 14–24 were three times as likely to be attacked by a relative or acquaintance.
Perhaps most disturbing are the statistics about law enforcement’s engagement with the LGBT community. Of the 1,253 incidents reported, 80 percent of survivors said that police were indifferent or hostile. Perhaps because of that, the amount of LGBT hate-violence victims who reported incidents to police fell between 2014 and 2015—to less than half of survivors reporting.
On Twitter, the New York City Anti-Violence Project (AVP) held a town hall discussion using the hashtag #Not1Story today. There, participants responded to AVP prompts to reflect on the rampant harassment and violence in the LGBT community and what can be done about it.
The #Not1Story discussion was not a circle of LGBT people sharing their personal stories of being victimized by harassment and violence; rather, participants explored some of the social and civic structures that surround and perpetuate such incidents. A frequently raised topic was interactions between police and the LGBT community. Tweeters also raised concerns around anti-LGBT legislation like North Carolina’s H.B. 2 and other laws that specifically target the community.
“Hate violence—including bias, discrimination, criminalization of our communities, and the presumption that violence against LGBTQ people is somehow permissible—is being written into our laws at an alarming rate,” said Beverly Tillery at the New York City Anti-Violence Project. “Now is the time to hold our institutions and policy makers accountable. We cannot allow the codifying of violence against our communities through harmful legislation.”
Some of the conversation related directly to the Orlando massacre of 49 LGBT people that left another 53 people injured and hospitalized late Saturday night. One Twitter user referred to the FDA’s long-standing ban on blood donations from men who sleep with men (MSMs), enacted in 1983 due to the higher number of MSMs affected by HIV during the peak of the AIDS epidemic. Though the blood ban was slightly altered in December 2015, it still requires gay and bisexual men to be celibate for one year prior to donate blood.
All FDA guidelines remain in effect for blood donation. There are false reports circulating that FDA rules were being lifted. Not true.
— OneBlood (@my1blood) June 12, 2016
Notably, though the FDA still bans sexually active MSMs from donating blood, a rumor circulated on Sunday that Orlando’s One Blood donation center was accepting all donors regardless of federal policies. But as One Blood tweeted on Sunday afternoon, the rumors were false. Gay and bisexual men were, and are, still banned from donating blood—even in a crisis affecting their own community.
The #Not1Story discussion continues on Twitter even though the town hall is over.
Mary Emily O'Hara is an LGBTQ reporter. Her work has appeared in Rolling Stone, NBC Out, Daily Dot, Broadly, Vice, the Daily Beast, the Advocate, Huffington Post, DNAinfo, Al Jazeera, and Portland's Pulitzer Prize-winning newsweekly Willamette Week, among other outlets.