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A hoax making the rounds on Facebook and Instagram alleges that users must share a notice in order to keep all their content from being made public.
This isn’t the first time this hoax has gone viral. In fact, the post is nearly identical to several others that have surfaced over the past several years.
So where do these posts come from and why do people keep falling for them?
The latest Facebook and Instagram hoax
This week’s hoax makes numerous absurd claims about how Facebook and Instagram will soon be reviving users’ deleted photos and messages and how that data can be used against them in court.
“Don’t forget tomorrow starts the new Instagram rule where they can use your photos,” the typo-ridden message begins. “Don’t forget Deadline today!!!! It can be used in court cases in litigation against you.”
Everyone from United States Secretary of Energy Rick Perry to Hollywood actors Rob Lowe and Julia Roberts shared the post. Famed musicians such as Usher and Waka Flocka Flame are said to have fallen for it as well.
the guy who handles US nukes got took by an aol-era instagram chainmeme pic.twitter.com/9o4kTvBgNU— rat king (@MikeIsaac) August 21, 2019
Despite this post making the rounds, all it takes is a quick reading of Instagram’s terms of service to clear things up. Instagram’s terms specifically note that the company does “not claim ownership of your content,” but that users “grant us a license to use it” when signing up.
A spokesperson for Facebook, which owns Instagram, also issued a statement to the media debunking the post.
“There’s no truth to this post,” the spokesperson said.
The bottom line: The post going around is untrue, makes no sense, and sharing it will have zero effect on your content. If you post something to Instagram, the network has the license to use it as it however it wants, whether you delete it or not. And given that Facebook owns Instagram, the same is true regarding user content on its network as well. If you post to Instagram or Facebook, both platforms have agency over that content.
Where did the hoax come from?
Although internet hoaxes are as old as the internet itself, this latest iteration appears to have first appeared in 2012.
An article from fact-checking website Snopes at the time cites the exact message that has been circulating on Facebook and Instagram this week. Facebook even issued a statement in 2012 urging users not to fall for such claims.
“There is a rumor circulating that Facebook is making a change related to ownership of users’ information or the content they post to the site. This is false,” the company said.
Why do people keep falling for it?
So if this hoax has been repeatedly debunked over the last seven years, why do people keep falling for it? The easy answer: Billions of people use the internet and there’s no way for everyone to know what’s already made the rounds, or what looks legitimate and what does not.
On a more human level, the hoax also states exactly what the people posting it are feeling: “Better safe than sorry.” It seems many internet users would rather take the risk of looking foolish than to have their data potentially exposed. And given the state of user privacy, who can blame them?
Mikael Thalen is a tech and security reporter based in Seattle, covering social media, data breaches, hackers, and more.