The Church of Scientology and businesses operated by Scientology have received at least 30 different Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loans worth approximately $4 million, according to government PPP data released on Tuesday.
Eleven news organizations successfully convinced federal judge James Boasberg of the public interest in releasing the data this week.
As of this writing, the Daily Dot has identified 30 loans, while continuing to search under the names of many other Church of Scientology-operated companies.
Data initially released in July showed the Church of Scientology received three loans, but updated figures and disclosures of all loan amounts under $150,000 gave a clearer picture of Scientology’s windfall from the PPP program.
Science fiction author L. Ron Hubbard founded Scientology in 1953. Though legal battles with the IRS eventually resulted in the government declaring Scientology a tax-exempt religion, critics characterize it as a scam that makes adherents “pay their way” to attain spiritual freedom.
It had twice previously lost its tax-exempt status with the IRS. Though it’s free to receive government funds, the Church of Scientology has a fraught relationship with government finances, having long refused to pay taxes rumored to be over $1 billion and having attempted to infiltrate the IRS with spies. Members of the church went to prison for stealing documents from the government.
According to PPP data, Scientology churches in Washington, D.C.; New York City; Largo, Florida; Detroit; Los Angeles; Quincy, Massachusetts; St. Louis; Lake Forest, California; Baton Rouge, Louisiana; Santa Rosa Bayamon, Puerto Rico; Chicago; Houston; Buffalo, New York; and Battle Creek, Michigan received approximately $1 million from 17 loans approved by different financial institutions.
The Church of Scientology tightly controls its trademark, meaning that these specific churches are all operated within the Church of Scientology’s umbrella.
Other Scientology-affiliated groups receiving loans include Narconon, Scientology’s controversial substance-abuse facilities, which offer nutrition advice and saunas as cures for addiction. Five separate centers in La Crescenta, California; Clearwater, Florida; Denham Springs, Louisiana; Ojai, California; and Canadian, Oklahoma received a total of $1.1 million.
Delphi Schools, a charter school in Sheridan, Oregon, which teaches Hubbard’s techniques to grades K-12, received almost $1 million.
Citizens Commission on Human Rights, a group that says it’s dedicated to “exposing psychiatric human rights violations” but that critics say attacks mental health professionals, received three separate loans, for centers in Los Angeles; Austin, Texas; and Clearwater, Florida, totaling $360,000.
Hubbard College of Administration, a Scientology-operated management program in Los Angeles, received approximately $114,000.
The Way to Happiness Foundation in Glendale, California, which promotes Hubbard’s guide to a successful life, received approximately $33,000.
Applied Scholastics, another group that promotes the “studying techniques” of Hubbard, received two separate loans in Perris and Emeryville, California, totaling approximately $150,000.
According to PPP rules, organizations are only supposed to receive one loan. However, the program was rushed and contained minimal information as to what constitutes just one loan and one company. ProPublica has reported many organizations received hundreds of millions of dollars under their sub-LLCs. The Church of Scientology seems to have similarly done so.
Religious organizations are eligible to apply for PPP loans under the terms of the program, similar to any applicant, and regardless of the windfall and largesse of their overarching religious umbrellas. PPP loans, however, were supposed to be geared toward helping keep small businesses afloat.
Scientology's estimated worth is approximately $2 billion.
The Church of Scientology did not respond to a request for comment.