Every year, the climate gets a little warmer for LGBT athletes in professional sports.
The 2016 summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro kick off on Friday—and this year, there's a record number of at least 46 openly LGBT athletes competing.
According to Outsports, the number of out Olympians is so high this year that if all of the LGBT athletes were to band together, they'd have a bigger team than several of the competing countries. We found even more LGBT athletes that weren't on the Outsports list, making "Team LGBT" almost the same size as Israel's Olympic team. And these are just the openly LGBT players.
As usual, the amount of out lesbian and bisexual women athletes vastly outnumbers the openly gay men; but LGBT men are making strides as more athletes (like 2014 Winter Olympics skier Gus Kenworthy) come out of the closet without having their sponsorships revoked—a fear that has long kept male athletes closeted in the traditionally homophobic sports world.
2016 it also a historic year for transgender athletes: The summer games are the first to officially allow trans competitors without mandating that they offer proof of gender-reassignment surgery. Hormonal testing is in place, however—and still a controversial move, given the presence of at least one high-profile female athlete, Caster Semenya, who is hyperandrogenic, meaning her testosterone levels are naturally higher than what's typically found in women. In 2010, Semenya was removed from competition and mandated to undergo gender testing; her trials paved the way for transgender and intersex athletes.
According to a Rolling Stone interview on Tuesday with Chris Mosier, the first out transgender athlete to make a U.S. national team (in duathlon), there are two other transgender athletes competing in the summer Olympics this year—they just aren't out.
The new IOC regulations opened the 2016 Summer Games to transgender athletes, and according to IOC meeting records, two closeted transgender athletes will be competing in August. The nationalities of the transgender athletes were not revealed, but sources state that one will be competing for Team Great Britain.
The news that two transgender athletes are competing as stealth, without coming out publicly, is somewhat shocking considering the new trans-friendly Olympic rules. But evidence that there are closeted LGBT athletes in the 2016 games only shows that "Team LGBT" is bigger than we ever imagined. And that's pretty cool.
Here is a list of the openly LGBT 2016 Olympians:1) Nicola Adams: Great Britain, boxing
2) Seimone Augustus: USA, basketball
3) Tom Bosworth: Great Britain, race walk 4) Dutee Chand: India, track and field
5) Tom Daley: Great Britain, diving
6) Carlien Dirkse van den Heuvel: Netherlands, field hockey
7) Lisa Dahlkvist: Sweden, soccer
8) Elena Delle Donne: USA, basketball
9) Katie Duncan: New Zealand, soccer
10) Nilla Fisher: Sweden, soccer
11) Amini Fonua: Tonga, swimming 12) Larissa França: Brazil, beach volleyball
13) Edward Gal: Netherlands, equestrian
14) Kelly Griffin: USA, rugby
15) Brittney Griner: USA, basketball 16) Carl Hester: Great Britain, equestrian
17) Michelle Heyman: Australia, soccer
18) Mélanie Henique: France, swimming
19) Ali Krieger: USA, soccer (note: Krieger was not on Outsports' list but was identified as an out LGBT athlete by AfterEllen)
20) Stephanie Labbe: Canada, soccer
21) Alexandra Lacrabère: France, handball
22) Hedvig Lindahl: Sweden, soccer
23) Ari-Pekka Liukkonen: Finland, swimming
24) Robbie Manson: New Zealand, rowing 25) Hans Peter Minderhoud: Netherlands, equestrian
26) Ian Matos: Brazil, diving
27) Angel McCoughtry: USA, basketball 28) Nadine Müller: Germany, discus
29) Marie-Eve Nault: Canada, soccer
30) Ashley Nee: USA, kayak whitewater slalom
31) Maartje Paumen: Netherlands, field hockey
32) Fiona Pennie: Great Britain, canoe slalom (note: Pennie was not listed by Outsports but was identified as openly LGBT by AfterEllen)
33) Mayssa Pessoa: Brazil, handball
34) Jillion Potter: USA, rugby 35) Megan Rapinoe: USA, soccer
36) Helen Richardson-Walsh: Great Britain, field hockey
37) Kate Richardson-Walsh: Great Britain, field hockey
38) Carolina Seger: Sweden, soccer
39) Caster Semenya: South Africa, track and field
40) Martina Strutz: Germany, pole vault
41) Melissa Tancredi: Canada, soccer
42) Susannah Townsend: Great Britian, field hockey
43) Sunette Stella Viljoen: South Africa, javelin
44) Julia Vasconcelos: Brazil, taekowndo 45) Jeffrey Wammes: Netherlands, gymnastics
46) Spencer Wilton: Great Britain, equestrian