“Did you get to that one piece for Creative Writing yet?” my friend texted me. “I think I need to take a shower after reading that.”
In 2012, a close friend and I were assigned a short story for class by Junot Díaz called “Alma.” I soon understood why she was so uncomfortable with it. The piece focuses on a girl named Alma, whom the narrator cheats on and is the subject of numerous explicit sex scenes. It reads like erotica for bros.
“She’s more adventurous in bed than any girl you’ve had,” the narrator says. “[O]n your first date she asked you if you wanted to come on her tits or her face, and maybe during boy training you didn’t get one of the memos but you were, like, umm, neither.”
I can’t help but think about “Alma” a lot lately and how uncomfortable the story made my friend and I feel; on Friday, Díaz was accused of engaging in sexual harassment, assault, and verbal abuse toward multiple women writers. In particular, author Zinzi Clemmons said Díaz forcibly kissed her when she was a graduate student, and novelist Alisa Valdes called him “misogynistic, demeaning, and cruel.” National Book Award nominee Carmen Maria Machado said Díaz’s behavior has been an open secret for years, in part because Latinx writers are so underrepresented in literature, that people wanted him to succeed.
Over half a decade later, I feel haunted by “Alma.” Not just because it was clear from the short story that Díaz didn’t see women as fully realized human beings—but because his place on that syllabus mostly likely came at the expense of women writers of color. How many others have lived through Clemmons’ and Valdes’ stories, and how many more will suffer—in their careers, their bodies, their esteem—because of powerful, misogynistic men? How many syllabi and bookshelves have been filled with men’s names because women writers were never given the chance to be seen as more than objects, or were stifled in their careers by men who took advantage of them and put them down?
I suspect the answer is plenty. I suspect plenty more women will suffer because of men like Díaz.
Re: Junot Diaz.. There needs to be a whole #MeToo conversation that is JUST ABOUT forcible kissing as a form of sexual assault. It's widespread, enraging, disgusting and abusive and doesn't get talked about nearly enough.— Crystal Fleming is not endorsing any candidates (@alwaystheself) May 4, 2018
Because I need/want to deal with this Junot Diaz news in another way, can we signal boost some Latina authors out there? I just bought Cristina García's "Dreaming in Cuban" and have @RaquelCepeda's "Bird of Paradise" to get to next.— Monica Castillo (@mcastimovies) May 4, 2018
if you're horrified by the Junot Diaz conversation and don't know what to do, consider going to your local bookstore and picking up @carmenmmachado and @zinziclemmons's books today. success is power and we begin to change the culture with every book we buy & read & love— kerry cullen (@kermichele) May 4, 2018
Deeply saddened by the allegations against #JunotDiaz & I support every woman brave enough to speak. The violence #DavidFosterWallace inflicted on me as a single mom was ignored by his biographer & @NewYorker as ‘alleged’ despite my having letters in his hand. But DFW was white.— Mary Karr, Author (@marykarrlit) May 4, 2018
No, it’s not just Junot Diaz. It’s your tío. It’s your abuelo. It’s Patriarchy. It’s Dominican culture. It’s pretending that the Dominican Republic doesn’t have one of the highest rates of femicide. All the women in my family have a story about ‘uno que se paso de confianza.’— Mela (@sheismela_) May 4, 2018
When #MeToo began last year, women in literature began sharing their repressed anger, sorrow, and fear over years of abuse and harassment. Children’s author Anne Ursu highlighted anonymous stories from the lit field in a Medium post in February. In one case, an author said submitting work felt “like a minefield” because editors may comment on her body. Another author-illustrator said she “completely stopped socializing” in the industry after repeatedly suffering from misogynistic comments.
“These are the sort of events we’re told to brush off—they’re jokes, they’re flattering, no big deal,” Ursu warned. “But when you believe you are a professional and someone informs you they see you as a sex object, it can shatter your sense of self and your sense of safety.”
In an article in Publishers Weekly last year, a former editor for an independent publisher said she tried to leave her position as an editorial assistant after her boss said he fell in love with her. In another case, a group of women for a small publishing house went to HR with complaints against a man who expressed “highly inappropriate” actions in the workplace, but HR never addressed the issue. Each woman eventually left the publishing company while the man responsible remained.
“When I was growing up in publishing, [sexual harassment] was something I felt I had to be a good sport about—whether banter, innuendo, or something more serious,” O, the Oprah Magazine’s books editor Leigh Haber told Publishers Weekly. In one case, she claims a publicity manager at Avon pushed her onto a bed in his hotel room between interviews.
“I was able to knee him and push him off. I was 27 and remember feeling I should just finish out the day as if nothing happened,” Haber said. “And that’s what I did.”
There’s a recurring pattern in each of these stories, from Clemmons’ to Ursu’s accounts, and it isn’t confined to the field of literature: A woman is harassed, assaulted, or demeaned by someone famous or powerful and she cannot speak out because she’ll lose her job or face retaliation. More often than not, there are only two solutions: Endure the harassment or leave.
It took Clemmons, Valdes, and Machado years to share their stories publicly—and these are women noted for their “strong voices”; these are women with audiences. How many times has it happened at your own workplace? How many times has it happened to you?
when of women of color tell their stories they get fired from their jobs, get dragged on the internet, spend money they dont have taking ubers home, when men like junot diaz tell their stories they win fellowships, get tenure positions, get featured on a late night show.— Melissa Lozada-Oliva (@ellomelissa) May 4, 2018
In the past two days, I’ve purchased books by @carmenmmachado, @zinziclemmons, @monicabyrne13, and @RealAlisaValdes. It’s important to me to support the work of women, particularly WOC, who are speaking up about Junot Diaz. I’m looking forward to reading their work.— Britni de la Cretaz (@britnidlc) May 5, 2018
Regarding #JunotDiaz and other #MeToo revelations, I think we need to stop considering how to “separate art from artist” and instead focus on what in the artist’s work actually reflects what we now know about them.— Stephen Robinson (@SER1897) May 6, 2018
Díaz’s “Alma” represents how male predators perceive women as spiteful, sexual possessions. But what would Alma say if she was given a voice? Maybe she would object to being the girl with “a big Dominican ass that seems to exist in a fourth dimension beyond jeans.” Maybe she could fill an entire novel with anger and rage and fear, all directed at the narrator for doing more than just cheating on her.
But until we start supporting women that speak out against men like Díaz, men like Díaz will be given the space to influence generations of readers. So let’s start filling our bookshelves with Clemmons, Valdes, or Machado. Or Black voices like Ijeoma Oluo, Morgan Jerkins, or Jesmyn Ward. Or any of these women of color instead. Let’s change these industries from the outside in.