The United States government seems to be sending mixed messages.
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1984 is under fire after the high-profile case of activist Aaron Swartz, but he's not the only one to face controversial charges under the law.
Jacques Mattheij's site is intended to level the playing field when it comes to access to academic papers.
The White House must now respond to a petition to fire U.S. Attorney Steve Heymann, the prosecutor in Aaron's Swartz's hacking case.
Rep. Zoe Lofgren took Reddit's suggestions in her efforts to reform the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
In a petition to get the perpetrators to cease and desist, an Anon writes: "We are not condemning those participating, only distancing ourselves from the message of this operation."