The bill, which has yet to be published, reportedly proposes criminal sanctions against the production and use of Bitcoin and its derivatives in a law that would go into effect in 2015.
A source at the Russian prosecutor general’s office told RBC, a major Russian news outlet, that they will “intensify the search for potential recipients of Bitcoin in Russia.”
The value of Bitcoin currently sits at about $591. The price has been slowly climbing over the past few days.
The justification given for the ban is that Bitcoin, which is backed by no central authority and allows anonymous users, is that the digital money attracts a “shadow economy.”
The ministry cites the popularity of using cryptocurrencies for buying illegal goods and laundering money, two uses that have made worldwide headlines in recent years.
Earlier this year, the Russian Central Bank issued a warning that the law already prohibits “money substitutes,” as Russian authorities have taken to calling cryptocurrency, and any involvement—purchase, exchange, mining, selling—will be prosecuted using laws that target money laundering and terrorist financing.