Animating female characters is “really, really difficult” because you have to “keep them pretty” while they go through “a range of emotions”?
Oh, come on.
That’s what the head of animation for Disney’s Frozen said in an interview this week. Not great PR, particularly since Frozen features two female lead characters who bear a suspicious resemblance to one of Disney’s other recent princess characters, Rapunzel. The full quote reads:
“Historically speaking, animating female characters are really, really difficult, ’cause they have to go through these range of emotions, but they’re very, very—you have to keep them pretty and they’re very sensitive to—you can get them off a model very quickly. So, having a film with two hero female characters was really tough.
No wonder people are linking this statement with a GIF comparing Anna and Elsa of Frozen, and the main character in Tangled.
GIF via moopfloop/Tumblr
Also, Disney fans have already noticed a lot of differences between Frozen and its fairytale inspiration, Hans Christian Andersen's Snow Queen. The question is: Is the apparent “difficulty” of animating female characters to blame?
“Is this why almost all the female characters from the Snow Queen were cut out of the story?” wonders Tumblr user a-spooky-scary-skeleton. “They were too hard to animate because of their emotions?”
On its own, a minor gaffe from a Disney animator should not be a big deal. But in the context of an ongoing debate about Disney’s representation of female characters and people of color, it doesn’t look great. The Disney Princess franchise is so closely linked with old-fashioned femininity that Brave’s Merida was given a girlie makeover before she could “join” the rest of the princesses. Meanwhile, Frozen has already come under fire for being Disney’s third major animated movie in a row to feature an all-white cast, following Tangled in 2010 and Brave in 2012. Disgruntled fans have been drawing their own multi-ethnic interpretations of Frozen characters ever since the first character designs were revealed earlier this year.
If Disney had a good reputation for including a diverse range of characters in their animated movies, this interview quote wouldn’t have made much of an impact. As it is, soundbites like this just confirm people’s suspicions, with the original quote gaining tens of thousands of notes on Tumblr, and inspiring criticism from people like author and illustrator Faith Erin Hicks:
"Historically speaking the wimmin folk gotta look pretty when they's emoting their emotions" sure, okay dude. Your co-director is a woman.— Faith Erin Hicks (@faitherinhicks) October 8, 2013
I dunno, I've been drawing women emoting on comic pages for 14 years & I've never worried abt them looking pretty. I want 'em to look human.— Faith Erin Hicks (@faitherinhicks) October 8, 2013
The similar appearance of the lead characters in Frozen and and Tangled only highlights the lack of racial diversity in Disney animation. Although movies like Pocahontas and Mulan were successful, some fans say that the current run of all-white animated movies makes it seem like Disney fulfilled a quota for various ethnicities, and then went back to making movies about blonde, Western European fairytale princesses. Including Anna and Elsa of Frozen, nine of the thirteen Disney princesses are white. As Tumblr user raptorific explains:
In the eyes of Disney, there’s a Princess for Black little girls to look up to, a Princess for Native little girls to look up to, a Princess for Arab little girls to look up to, a Princess for Asian little girls to look up to, and nine princesses for all little girls to look up to. It’s no coincidence that in almost all promotional art featuring the “Princess Lineup,” Jasmine, Tiana, Mulan, and Pocahontas are all standing in the back, usually obscured by other white Princesses’ dresses, while the blonde lady brigade stands in the front.
So continues a seemingly endless cycle of arguments among Disney fans on Tumblr and other social media sites. Is it authentic for Western European fairytales to focus entirely on white characters? And if so, does historical authenticity even matter when you’re marketing the movie to a diverse, 21st-century audience of kids who live in a multiracial environment? Particularly if the movie includes decidedly un-historical details like talking animals or magic.
According to Racebending, an online community that promotes racial diversity in popular media, Frozen is just one of many movies that erases people of color—not only from mainstream entertainment, but from history itself. The most popular argument against including nonwhite characters usually goes something like this post by Tumblr user annatheprincess:
do people realize if they included [POC] in frozen, they would most likely have to be slaves... it’s the same issue with brave, it’s not historically accurate sorry
But as Tumblr blogs like Racebending and medievalpoc point out, there’s no factual basis for excluding people of color from historical narratives. In the case of Frozen’s Scandinavian setting, the Sami people were already indigenous to Sweden, Norway, Russia and Finland. To make matters worse, Racebending recently revealed that Frozen will feature aspects of Sami music along with Sami-inspired costumes, but with no acknowledgement of the original culture.
Frozen won’t be out for another month, and to be brutally honest, the criticism of a few thousand adult Disney fans is unlikely to make much of a dent in the movie’s with its target audience of young kids. However, the viral spread of a reasonably banal interview with a Disney animator should tell us something. Media representation is a touchy subject, and right now, Disney isn’t handling it at all well.
Photo via dj066rapunz3l/Tumblr